5. Managing Files and Sets
diverse types of files are used in making music with Live, from those containing MIDI ( see 5.3 ) and audio ( see 5.2 ), to more program-specific files such as live Clips ( see 5.4 ) and live Sets ( see 5.5 ). This chapter will explain everything you need to know about working with each of these file types in Live. however, we should first take a spirit at Live ’ s browser, through which most files arrive in the program .
5.1 Working with the Browser
populate ’ second browser is the position where you interact with your library of musical assets : the core library of sounds that are installed with the program, any extra sounds you ’ ve installed via Ableton Packs, presets and samples you ’ ve saved, your Ableton and third-party devices, and any folder on your heavily driveway that contains samples, tracks, etc .
The browser display is divided into entrust and right sections, called the sidebar and the content acid respectively. To resize the sections, drag the splitter line horizontally .
5.1.1 Understanding the Browser’s Hierarchy
Working in the browser involves choosing one of the labels from the Collections, Categories or Places sections in the sidebar, and then selecting from the items that appear in the contentedness pane.
The Collections labels each have their own assignable discolor, which you can use to tag items ( including folders ) that appear in the browser ’ sulfur subject pane. These labels ( or “ tags ” ) enable you to cursorily organize and access finical browser items ( for exercise, your front-runner or most-used items ). You can assign Collections labels via a choose detail ’ randomness right-click ( personal computer ) / CTRL-click ( Mac ) context menu, or by using the number key shortcuts 1 through to 7. Use 0 to reset color assignments. bill that Collections labels can besides be assigned to multiple browser items within a choice. additionally, it is potential to assign a semblance label to different detail “ types ”. For exercise, you can assign the lapp discolor label to a drum sound, a MIDI effect, and a circuit board. Clicking on a Collections label in the sidebar shows all items tagged with that color. Folders that appear in the Collections labels can be unfolded to show their contents .
The Edit Button in the Browser.
Each label can be renamed via their right-click ( personal computer ) / CTRL-click ( Mac ) context menu, or by pressing CTRL-R ( personal computer ) / CMD-R ( Mac ). You can choose which labels are visible in the browser, by clicking the Edit button next to the Collections header, and checking the Show/Hide Label option next to each pronounce .
Editing Shown and Hidden Collections in the Browser.
To exit Edit Mode, press the “ Done ” release .
The Done Button in the Browser.
note that when a hide unassigned color becomes assigned to a browser item, the Collections label for that semblance will be shown in the sidebar mechanically. however, visible semblance labels are not automatically hidden if all their assignments are removed .
Browser Items and Their Assigned Colors in the Content Pane.
In the content acid, square icons indicate the respective color ( s ) assigned to each item. notice that although multiple colors can be assigned to an item, no more than three of those colors will be shown in the content paneling .
The Categories labels show all items of a given character, careless of where they are in your library. Use this section to explore and discover all of the instruments and sounds you have installed. The Categories section is organized as follows :
- Sounds — all of your Instrument Racks (see Chapter 20) and instrument presets, organized by the type of sound they make (rather than by their devices.)
- Drums — all of your drum presets. This includes full drum kits, which are available as Drum Racks, as well as single drum hits, which are delivered as Instrument Racks.
- Instruments — all of your Instrument Racks, as well as “raw” Live instruments and their presets, organized by device (rather than by the type of sound.)
- Audio Effects — all of your Audio Effect Racks, as well as “raw” Live audio effects devices and presets.
- MIDI Effects — all of your MIDI Effect Racks, as well as “raw” Live MIDI effects devices and presets.
- Max for Live — all of your Max for Live (see Chapter 27) devices and presets, as well as any Racks that are built with those devices, organized into Audio Effect, Instrument and MIDI Effect folders.
- Plug-Ins — your third-party VST and/or Audio Units plug-ins (see 19.2).
- Clips — all of your Live Clips.
- Samples — all of your raw audio samples.
- Grooves — all of your Grooves (see Chapter 13).
- Templates — all of your template Live Sets (see 5.5.4).
- All results — this section appears after you’ve typed something into the search field. It shows search results for every section of the browser in a single list.
The Places labels show the contents of folders on your hard drives. Use this section when you want to access a particular rate, such as a folder you ’ ve added or an addition pack. The actual contents of the Places section will vary depending on how you ’ ve configured your library, but will contain at least the following :
- Packs — all Packs that come pre-installed with Live, as well as any that you’ve installed yourself. Each Pack appears as a folder in the content pane, which can be unfolded to reveal that Pack’s contents. Presets, samples, and Live Clips installed by Packs will also appear in the appropriate Categories labels. The Packs label also shows updates for installed Packs, as well as additional Packs that you can install. Please refer to Downloading and Installing Packs in the Browser (see 5.1.2) for more information.
- User Library — the User Library is the default location for items you save yourself, including default presets, grooves, your personalized Racks and device presets, your own samples, Live Clips, etc. Files that you save to your User Library will also be available in the appropriate Categories labels.
- Current Project — all of the files that are contained in the currently active Project (see 5.6). If you’re working on a Live Set that you haven’t yet saved, the current Project refers to a temporary location.
- any folders from any of your hard drives that you’ve added to Live’s Browser.
Moving through the files in Live ’ s browser can be done with either the shiner or the computer keyboard :
- Scroll up and down in the Browser with the up and down arrow keys, the mousewheel, or by clicking and dragging while holding the CTRL-ALT(PC) / CMD-ALT(Mac) modifier.
- Close and open folders, or move between the sidebar and content pane with the left and right arrow keys.
By default option, any previously unfold folders will close when you open a new one, but you can override this demeanor by holding CTRL ( personal computer ) / CMD ( Mac ) while opening newly folders .
5.1.2 Downloading and Installing Packs in the Browser
The Packs pronounce in the browser shows you all Packs that come pre-installed with Live, vitamin a well as any that you ’ ve installed yourself. To check for existing updates for your install Packs, navigate to the Packs label and expand the Updates section .
Available Updates for Installed Packs Appear in the Browser.
You can besides view Packs that you own, but have not installed. These uninstalled Packs appear in the available Packs department within the Packs label .
Downloadable Packs Appear in the Browser.
You can download any of these Updates or available Packs by pressing the download icon next to it .
Press the Download Icon to Download a Pack.
While the Pack is downloading, the download icon changes to a pause icon that indicates the advancement of the Pack ’ s download .
Press the Pause Icon to Pause a Pack Download. The Download Progress Is Indicated in Yellow.
Should you need to, you can pause downloads and resume them at a later degree. To pause a download, weight-lift the hesitate icon. When a download is paused, the hesitate picture changes back to a download icon. To resume a pause download, press the download icon again. ( note : you can download multiple selected Packs at the lapp prison term. You can besides pause and resume downloading multiple selected Packs. ) When the download is complete, you can install the Pack by pressing the Install clitoris .
Press the Install Button to Install a Pack.
Upon pressing the Install release, Live will display a progress bar that indicates the condition of the procedure. note that you can download a Pack, pause, resume or cancel a download, or install a pack by choosing the appropriate control in that Pack ’ s right-click ( personal computer ) / CTRL-click ( Mac ) context menu. sometimes you might need to know the size of a Pack before you download and install it. For example, you may have limited space on your hard drive. You can configure the browser to show the size of all Packs that appear in the Updates and available Packs sections. To do this, right-click ( personal computer ) / CTRL-click ( Mac ) on the mention header in the browser ’ sulfur content paneling and choose the Size option in the context menu .
Show or Hide the Size of Packs in the Browser.
You can delete an install Pack via its right-click ( personal computer ) / CTRL-click ( Mac ) context menu. eminence that deleted Packs will appear in your tilt of available Packs. It is possible to configure Live ’ s Preferences to show or hide Updates and available Packs in the browser. To do this, press the Show Downloadable Packs toggle in the Library Preferences .
Show or Hide Downloadable Packs in the Browser.
5.1.3 User Folders
live ’ s browser allows you to work with your creative tools careless of where they are installed on your calculator. This allows you to, for exercise, storehouse big sample collections on one or more external drives, and hush use the browser to access their contents – there is no indigence to keep them in a single centralized localization. In order to work with your own folders in Live, you must first add them to the browser, either by dropping them directly into Live from the Explorer ( Windows ) /Finder ( Mac ) or by pressing the Add Folder push button in the browser ’ south sidebar. After adding a drug user folder, Live will scan it, which “ teaches ” the browser about its contents. Following this, it will appear in the Places department of the sidebar. note : adding a exploiter folder does not actually move the folder to a raw location, but simply makes it available in Live ’ s browser. If you reorganize your drives using Explorer ( Windows ) /Finder ( Mac ), Live may not be able to find drug user folders if they ’ ve been moved. For example, if a user booklet is contained on an external hard campaign, and Live is opened without the driveway attached, the drug user booklet will hush appear in the browser but will be grayed out. You can attempt to find it by using the right-click ( personal computer ) / CTRL-click ( Mac ) context menu ’ randomness Locate Folder command, or tell Live to “ forget ” this booklet via the Remove from Sidebar command. You can besides use this command to remove folders that aren ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate missing, but which you simply don ’ thyroxine want to work with anymore .
5.1.4 Searching for Files
know ’ randomness browser is equipped with a search plain that filters the contents of the selected sidebar label as you type. To search across all locations, weigh CTRL-F ( personal computer ) / CMD-F ( Mac ) .
The Browser’s Search Field.
The results will include files that match all search terms, as opposed to any. For exercise, if you search for “ acoustic bass, “ the search will yield all acoustic bass sounds — not all acoustic sounds and all bass sounds. For mouse-free inquisitory, we suggest the postdate sequence of shortcuts :
- CTRL-F(PC) / CMD-F(Mac) to place a cursor in the search field;
- Type your search terms;
- Down arrow key to jump to the search results;
- Up and down arrow keys to scroll the search results;
- ESC to clear the search field, showing all of the contents of the selected sidebar label.
bouncy allows you to preview samples, clips, and legal document presets in the browser before they are imported into the plan. To enable preview, activate the Preview switch future to the Preview Tab at the penetrate of the browser .
The Preview Switch.
touch : You can preview files flush when the Preview switch is not activated by pressing Shift-Enter or the right arrow identify. Click on a file ( or use the up and down arrow keys ) to select it. Click in the Tab ’ s cancel area to make playback jump to that point. ( note that it is not possible to scrub clips that have been saved with Warp turned off. ) You can select Live Clips in the browser to load them into the Preview Tab. You can besides preview Live ’ s instrument presets in the Preview Tab. When selected, you ’ ll hear a short sound recording model of the preset, so you can get an theme of how it sounds before loading it. With the Raw button enabled, files will preview at their master tempo and will not loop. With Raw disabled, Live will try to preview files in synchronize with the current Set, so that you can better judge which samples will work for you. Please note that scrubbing is not possible when Raw is enabled. The preview bulk can be adjusted using the mixer ’ s Preview volume knob .
The Preview Volume Knob.
If your audio hardware offers multiple audio outs, you can privately audition, or discriminative stimulus, files via headphones connected to a separate pair of outs — while the music continues to play. To learn how to set up Live for cueing, please refer to the relevant incision ( see 16.6 ) of the Mixing chapter .
Adding Clips from the Browser
There are respective ways to add clips to a live set :
- Files can be dragged and dropped from the browser into tracks in the Session or Arrangement View. Dragging and dropping material from the browser into the space to the right of Session View tracks or below Arrangement View tracks will create a new track and place the new clip(s) there.
Dropping a Clip to Create a New Track.
- In the Session View, double-clicking or pressing Enter on a file in the browser will automatically create a new track to the right of the other tracks and load it with the clip.
- Files can be dropped directly into Live from the Explorer (Windows)/Finder (Mac).
In addition to the drag-and-drop method acting of loading files from the browser, Live offers a Hot-Swap Mode to reduce your mouse travel. Hot-Swap Mode can be toggled on and off with the Q key, and establishes a temp link between the browser and, for example, a virtual instrument. While in Hot-Swap Mode, you can step through samples or presets to audition them “ in place, “ that is, within the musical instrument. Hot-swapping for presets is covered in the Live Device Presets section ( see 19.1.1 ). Let ’ s go through an model of hot-swapping samples : live ’ s built-in Impulse legal document features eight sample-player slots that can be filled by dropping samples into them. alternatively, we can click the Hot-Swap button that appears as we move the shiner over a slot .
The Hot-Swap Button in an Impulse Slot.
Clicking the Hot-Swap button or pressing the Q key engages Hot-Swap Mode :
The Browser in Hot-Swap Mode.
While in Hot-Swap Mode, pressing the up or down arrow key moves to the future file in the contentedness pane, and pressing Enter or double-clicking the charge loads it into the Impulse slot ( presumably while Impulse is playing incoming MIDI notes ). The associate between the browser and the instrument will be broken if a unlike watch is selected, or if the Q samara or the Hot-Swap button is pressed again. Hot-swapping can besides be cancelled with a urge of the ESC key or by pressing the close button in the Hot-Swap cake at the clear of the browser. When Hot-Swap Mode is re-enter, the browser will show the location of the presently loaded sound and pre-select it .
5.2 Sample Files
A sample is a charge that contains sound recording data. Live can play both decompress charge formats ( WAV, AIF and Sound Designer II for Mac ) and compressed file formats ( MP3, AAC, Ogg Vorbis, Ogg FLAC and FLAC ). ( Please note that not all of these charge formats can be played in the Lite Edition. ) A note on using variable Bit Rate ( VBR ) files : Please install QuickTime for decoding purposes if you do not already have it on your system. It can be downloaded from the Apple web site. As Live plays the samples directly from magnetic disk, you can work with a large number of ( large ) samples without running into RAM memory limitations. Please note, however, that you may run into harrow throughput problems if your magnetic disk is about full moon, and/or ( on Windows systems ) highly fragmented. Hard drive rotation travel rapidly can besides affect magnetic disk operation. Refer to the section on managing the disk load ( see 33.2 ) for more information. live can combine decompress mono or stereo samples of any duration, sample pace or bit depth without prior conversion. To play a compressed sample, Live decodes the sample and writes the solution to a irregular, decompress sample file. This normally happens promptly adequate that you will be able to play the sample correct away, without waiting for the decoding process to finish. bill : When adding a long sample to a project, Live might tell you that it can not play the sample before it has been analyzed. Please see the section on analysis ( see 5.2.2 ) for an explanation .
5.2.1 The Decoding Cache
To save computational resources, Live keeps the decode sample distribution files of compressed samples in the cache. alimony of the hoard is normally not required, as Live automatically deletes older files to make room for those that are raw. You can, however, levy limits on the hoard size using the File/Folder Preferences ’ Decoding Cache part. The cache will not grow larger than the Maximum Cache Size adjust, and it will always leave the Minimum Free Space on the hard phonograph record. Pressing the nearby Cleanup button will delete all files not being used by the current Live Set .
Preferences for the Decoding Cache.
5.2.2 Analysis Files (.asd)
An analysis file is a little file that Live creates when a sample distribution file is brought into the plan for the first meter. The psychoanalysis file contains data gathered by Live to help optimize the stretching timbre, speed up the wave form display and mechanically detect the tempo of long samples ( see 9.2.3 ). When adding a long sample to a plan, Live might tell you that it can not play the sample before it has been analyzed. This will not happen if the sample has already been analyzed ( i.e., Live finds an analysis file for this sample distribution ), or if the Record/Warp/Launch Preferences ’ Auto-Warp Long Samples predilection ( see 9.2 ) has been deactivated. An psychoanalysis file can besides store default clip settings for the sample : Clicking the Clip View ’ s Save button ( see 8.1.6 ) will store the current clip ’ south settings with the sample distribution ’ south analysis file. The future time the sample is dragged into Live, it will appear with all its trot settings intact. This is peculiarly useful for retaining Warp Marker settings with the sample. Storing default time settings with the analysis file is different from saving the cartridge holder as a Live Clip. While analysis files are a handy direction to store default information about a particular sample ’ sulfur settings, keep in mind that you can use different settings for each clip within a live Set — even if those clips refer to the like sample on disk. But if you drag a new version of the sample into a know Set, Live will use the settings stored in the analysis file for the newly created trot. The analysis file ’ second list is the lapp as that of the consort sample, with an add “ .asd “ annex. Live puts this analysis file in the lapp booklet as the sample. Samples that have an
.asd charge are displayed like this in the browser. Samples without an
.asd file look like this. The analysis files themselves do not appear in Live ’ s browser. note that you can suppress the creation of
.asd files by turning off the Create Analysis Files choice in the File/Folder Preferences. All data ( except for the default time settings ) can be recreated by Live if the
.asd file is missing, however this will take some meter for longer samples .
5.2.3 Exporting Audio and Video
The File menu ’ s Export Audio/Video command allows you to export Live ’ s audio end product as modern samples. The resulting files can be used to burn an audio certificate of deposit for listening purposes or a data cadmium, which could serve as a backing of your work or be used with other digital audio applications. If your fixed includes video recording, you can besides use the Export Audio/Video dominate to export this to a new video file, which will be created in the lapp directory as the render audio files. ( note : video export is not available in the Lite and Intro Editions. ) You can besides upload your export sound recording files directly to your SoundCloud account .
The Render Dialog’s Selection Options.
The Export dialogue ’ south Rendered Track picker offers respective options for which audio sign to render :
The Rendered Track Chooser.
- Master — the post-fader signal at Live’s Master output. If you are monitoring the Master output, you can be sure that the rendered file will contain exactly what you hear.
- All Individual Tracks — the post-fader signal at the output of each individual track, including return tracks and MIDI tracks with instruments. Live will create a separate sample for each track. All samples will have the same length, making it easy to align them in other multitrack programs.
- Selected Tracks Only — this is identical to the All Individual Tracks option, but only renders tracks that were selected prior to opening the Export dialog.
- (single tracks) — the post-fader signal at the output of the selected track.
The early Selection fields determine the start time and length of the exported material :
- Render Start — sets the position at which rendering will begin.
- Render Length — determines the length of the rendered sample.
Tip — a fast way to set both the Render Start and Length values is to select a crop of time in the Arrangement View anterior to invoking the Export Audio/Video command. But remember — a render audio file contains alone what you heard prior to rendering. so, for exemplar, if you ’ re playing second some combination of Session View clips and Arrangement material, then that is what will be captured in your picture file — regardless of which view is active when you render .
Audio Rendering Options.
The Export dialogue offers respective audio rendering options :
- Include Return and Master Effects –If this is activated, Live will individually render each selected track with any return tracks used by that track, as well as effects used in the Master track. This is especially useful when rendering material for a live performance, or when providing stems to a mixing engineer or remix artist.
- Render as Loop — If this is activated, Live will create a sample that can be used as a loop. For example, suppose your Live Set uses a delay effect. If Render as Loop is on, Live will go through the rendering process twice: The first pass will not actually write samples to disk, but add the specified delay effect. As the second pass starts writing audio to disk, it will include the delay “tail“ resulting from the first pass.
- Convert to Mono — If this is activated, Live will create a mono file instead of a stereo file.
- Normalize — If this is activated, the sample resulting from the render process will be normalized (i.e., the file will be amplified so that the highest peak attains the maximum available headroom).
- Create Analysis File — If this is activated, Live will create an
.asdfile that contains analysis information about the rendered sample. If you intend to use the new sample in Live, check this option.
- Sample Rate — Note that your choice of sample rate works as follows: if you select a sample rate equal to or higher than the rate you’re using in your project (as set in the Audio tab of Live’s Preferences), Live will export in a single step, at the sample rate you’ve chosen in the Export dialog. If you export at a sample rate that is lower than your current project sample rate, Live will first export at the current project sample rate and then downsample the file in a second step using a high-quality process. Note that this may take a few moments.
- Upload Audio toSoundCloud — If activated, a helper application will launch that will allow you to upload your exported audio file to SoundCloud.
Audio Encoding Options.
- Encode PCM — If activated, a lossless audio file is created.
- File Type — WAV, AIFF, and FLAC formats are available for PCM export.
- Bit Depth,Dither Options — If you are rendering at a bit depth lower than 32-bit, choose one of the dither modes. Dithering adds a small amount of noise to rendered audio, but minimizes artifacts when reducing the bit depth. By default, Triangular is selected, which is the “safest“ mode to use if there is any possibility of doing additional processing on your file. Rectangular mode introduces an even smaller amount of dither noise, but at the expense of additional quantization error. The three Pow-r modes offer successively higher amounts of dithering, but with the noise pushed above the audible range. Note that dithering is a procedure that should only be applied once to any given audio file. If you plan to do further processing on your rendered file, it’s best to render to 32-bit to avoid the need for dithering at this stage. In particular, the Pow-r modes should never be used for any material that will be sent on to a further mastering stage — these are for final output only. (Please note that the Pow-r modes are not available in the Intro and Lite Editions.)
- Encode MP3 — If activated, a CBR 320 kbps MP3 file is created. It is possible to export PCM and MP3 simultaneously. If neither toggle is enabled, the Export button will be disabled.
Video Rendering Options
Video Rendering Options.
( notice : video rendering is not available in the Intro and Lite Editions. )
In accession to settings for audio rendering, the Export dialogue provides extra options for rendering television :
- Create Video — If this is activated, a video file will be created in the same directory as your rendered audio. Note that this option is only enabled if you have video clips in the Arrangement View. Also, it is not possible to only render a video file — enabling video rendering will always produce a video in addition to rendered audio.
- Video Encoder — This chooser allows you to select the encoder to use for the video rendering. The choices you have here depend on the encoders you have installed.
- Video Encoder Settings — This button opens the settings window for the selected encoder. Note that the settings options will vary depending on the encoder you have chosen. Certain encoders have no user-configurable options. In this case, the Edit button will be disabled.
once you ’ ve made your selections and clicked Export to begin the render work, audio try will begin. After the audio interpret is complete, the television will be rendered. note that, depending on the encoder used, television hand over may occur in more than one guide. Live will display a progress browning automatic rifle that will indicate the status of the serve. Unless you ’ ve specified a special window size or aspect proportion in the encoder settings, the render television file will play back precisely as it appeared during real time playback in Live. The video file will besides contain the render audio. For more data about working with video in Live, see the chapter on video recording ( see Chapter 23 ) .
normally, rendering happens as an offline march. But if your set contains an external Audio Effect ( see 24.18 ) or external legal document ( see 26.4 ) that routes to a hardware effects device or synthesizer, the rendering process is a piece different. In this casing, rendering the master end product happens in actual clock. If you render single tracks, all tracks that don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate route to an external device anywhere in their bespeak paths will be rendered offline. then, any tracks that do access these devices will be rendered in real time. Live will mechanically trace each track ’ sulfur signal stream and detect if real-time render is necessity. You ’ ll then be presented with several options when you start to render : Waiting for External Devices to Become Silent .
- Skip — By default, Live will wait for ten seconds before starting a real-time render. This should allow any sound from external devices to fade out, but if you need more time (for example, if you’re waiting for a long reverb tail), you can increase the wait time by typing a new number in the number box. On the other hand, if you’re sure that your external devices aren’t making any sound, you can speed the process along by pressing “Skip,“ which will start the render immediately.
After the render has begun, the dialogue changes to show a commemorate progress bar :
Real-Time Rendering in Progress.
- Auto-Restart on drop-outs — Rendering in real-time requires somewhat more CPU power than non-real-time rendering, and in some cases drop-outs (small gaps or glitches in the audio) can occur. Live detects when drop-outs happen, and rendering will start again from the beginning if the Auto-Restart option is enabled.
- Restart — manually restarts the rendering process.
- Cancel — stops the rendering process and deletes the partially rendered file.
The numeral of rendering attempts ( if there has been more than one ) will besides be listed in the dialogue box. If you find that dropouts and restarts keep happening, you should close other running applications to allow more process power for rendering. Please see the chapter on computer audio resources ( see Chapter 33 ) for more tips on improving operation .
5.3 MIDI Files
A MIDI file contains commands that prompt MIDI compatible synthesizers or instruments, such as Live ’ south Simpler, to create particular musical output. MIDI files are exported by hardware and software MIDI sequencers. Importing MIDI files into Live works differently than with samples : MIDI file data is incorporated into the Live Set, and the resulting MIDI clips lose all citation to the original file. MIDI files appear with a extra icon in the browser .
A MIDI File in the Browser.
You can import MIDI files by using the browser or the Create menu ’ mho Import MIDI File … command. note that when using the Import MIDI File … command in the Arrangement View, the charge will be inserted at the Insert Marker position. When using the command in the Session View, the file will be inserted in the presently selected nip slot .
5.3.1 Exporting MIDI Files
live MIDI clips can be exported as Standard MIDI files. To export a MIDI time, use the File menu ’ s Export MIDI Clip instruction. This instruction will open a file-save dialogue, allowing you to choose the placement for your raw MIDI charge. Exporting a MIDI file is unlike from saving the clip as a Live Clip .
5.4 Live Clips
person audio or MIDI clips can be exported to disk in the Live Clip format for easy retrieval and recycle in any project. Audio clips only incorporate references to samples on disk ( rather than the audio data itself ), so they are identical small, which makes it easy to develop and maintain your own solicitation. To save a clip from the open Live Set to disk, just drag it to the Places section of the browser and drop it into the Current Project or any user folder. For audio clips, Live will manage the imitate of the clip ’ mho sample into this fresh location based on the choice in the Collect Files on Export picker ( see 5.8.1 ). You can then type in a new name for the clip or confirm the one suggested by Live with Enter .
A Live Clip in the Browser.
live Clips are a great way of storing your ideas for former use or development, as they save not only the original time, including all its clip and envelope settings, but besides the original racetrack ’ south devices. In decree to recreate a Live Clip ’ second device chain, either puff it into a track containing no clips or devices, or drag it into the outer space in the Session or Arrangement View containing no tracks. note that Live Clips that are imported into tracks already containing devices or clips will appear with their clip settings but not their devices. You could, for case, drop a bassline Live Clip on an existing track that drives a freshwater bass instrument, rather than creating a new track. Clips belonging to any exist Sets already on harrow are besides Live Clips. Please see the section on merging Sets ( see 5.5.2 ) for more on this topic. eminence that storing default snip settings with a sample distribution ’ south analysis file is different from saving a live Clip. The default clip in the
.asd file annotates the sample distribution with sensible default values ( warp, gain and pitch settings ) so that it will play in a define direction when it is added to a Set. Live Clips, on the early hand, are stored on phonograph record as separate musical ideas. For exercise, you could create a numeral of variations from the like sound recording clip by using different heave, pitch, envelope and consequence settings, and store them all as separate Live Clips. In the browser, you could then independently screen and preview these clips, even though they are all referring to the lapp source sample .
5.5 Live Sets
The type of document that you create and work on in Live is called a Live Set. Think of this as a one “ song. “ Sets must be saved inside projects, so that Live can keep track of and manage all of the diverse components of the Live Set : bouncy Clips, device presets, any samples used, etc .
5.5.1 Creating, Opening and Saving Sets
Use the File menu ’ s New Live Set instruction to create modern Live Sets, and the Open Live Set or Open Recent Set command to open existing ones. In the browser, you can double-click or press Enter on a bouncy specify to open it. The File menu ’ second Save Live Set dominate saves the stream Live Set precisely as it is, including all clips and settings. You can use the Save Live Set As command to save the current Live Set under a different name and/or in a different directory placement, or the Save a Copy command to create a replicate of the current Live Set with a fresh name and/or new directory location .
5.5.2 Merging Sets
bouncy makes it easy to merge Sets, which can come in handy when combining work from different versions or pieces. To add all tracks ( except the return tracks ) from one Live Set into another, drag the stage set from the browser into the current Set, and drop it onto any track title bar or into the drop area next to or below the tracks. The tracks from the drop Set will be wholly reconstructed, including their clips in the Session and Arrangement View, their devices, and their automation .
Session View Drop Area for Importing Live Sets.
Arrangement View Drop Area for Importing Live Sets.
If you prefer to import individual tracks from a Set, you can unfold the Live Set in the browser just as if it were a folder .
Unfolding a Set to Reveal its Contents.
You can now drag the individual tracks and drop them as described at the begin of this segment. Any grooves ( see Chapter 13 ) that were saved with your set are besides available as a booklet within the unfold Set. You can besides drag Group Tracks ( see 16.3 ) and nested Group Tracks from Live ’ s browser. Group Tracks can be expanded in the browser, allowing you to load an individual chase from within. In addition to unfolding Sets, you can further unfold the tracks within the Sets to access the individual Session View clips that were used on the chase :
Revealing the Session View Clips Contained in a Set.
You can browse, preview and meaning Session View clips from the Set as if they had been stored as individual Live Clips. This means that any Live Set can serve as a pool of sounds for any early, suggesting creative recycle and crossover .
5.5.3 Exporting Session Clips as New Sets
You can export a choice of Session View clips as a new Live Set by dragging them to the browser. To export a Set, beginning click and drag, or use the fault or CTRL ( personal computer ) / ALT ( Mac ) modifiers, to select more than one Session View clip. then, simply embroil and drop the clips into the Current Project or any exploiter booklet, where you can either confirm Live ’ sulfur suggested name or character in one of your own .
5.5.4 Template Sets
Use the File menu ’ s Save Live Set As Default Set … command to save the stream Live Set as the nonpayment template. Live will use these settings as the format, default department of state for new Live Sets. You can use this to pre-configure :
- Your multichannel input/output setup.
- Preset devices, like EQs and Compressors, in every track.
- Computer key mappings (see 29.2.5).
- MIDI mappings (see 29.1).
note that any Live Set in Live ’ s browser can be set as the nonpayment Live Set via the Set Default Live Set context menu submission. In addition to this “ chief ” default option template, you can create extra template Sets for different types of projects, each with their own alone shape of tracks, devices, etc. To do this, save the current Live Set using the File menu ’ second Save Live Set As Template … control. Any Sets saved as a template will appear in the browser ’ sulfur Templates class and the Templates booklet in the User Library. ( note that the User Library ’ sulfur Templates folder is mechanically created the first time a template Set is saved. ) These Sets will then function as templates : they will load with the configuration you saved, but with the name Untitled.als, ready to be used as a new Set .
Multiple Template Sets in the User Library.
5.5.5 Viewing and Changing a Live Set’s File References
To view a list of the files referenced by the stream Live Set, choose the Manage Files command from the File menu, click the Manage Set button, and then click the View Files button. Live will display one wrinkle for each charge used by the Live Set. To list all clips or instruments in the Live Set where the file is actually used, click the triangle to expand the line. here is what you can do :
- Replace a file — Dragging a file from the browser and dropping it on an entry in the list makes the Live Set reference the new file instead of the old one. For samples used in audio clips, Live retains the clip properties; the Warp Markers are kept if the new sample has the same or a greater length as the old sample and discarded otherwise. Please note that replacing a sample will change all clips in your set that reference this sample.
Every Entry in the File Reference List is a Drop Target for Files.
- Hot-swap files — Using the Hot-Swap button at the left-hand side of each entry, you can quickly browse through alternatives for the file that is currently being referenced. This is like dragging files here, only quicker.
The File Reference List’s Hot-Swap Button.
- Edit a referenced sample — using an external application (which can be chosen in the Preferences’ File/Folder tab). Clicking the Edit button will open the referenced sample in the external application. The sample will remain offline as long as the Edit switch is engaged. For samples used in audio clips, the current set of Warp Markers is retained only if the sample length remains the same as before. Note that the Edit button is only available for samples, not for other types of files such as Max for Live devices (see Chapter 27).
The File Reference List’s Edit Switch.
- View a file’s location — The Location column states if a file is missing (see 5.7), or if it resides in your User Library, a Project or somewhere else (“external“). When unfolded, the entry shows the specific places in the Set where the file is used.
The File Reference List’s Location Column.
5.6 Live Projects
A Live Project is a booklet containing Live-related files that belong together. Consider, for example, sour on a piece of music : You start out with an empty Live Set ; you record sound recording and thereby create new sample files ; you drag in samples from collections ; you save unlike versions of the Live Set along the way so that you can go back and comparison. possibly you besides save Live Clips or device presets that “ belong “ to this particular musical piece. The project booklet for this Live Project will maintain all the files related to this piece of music — and Live ’ s File Manager will provide the tools you need to manage them ( see 5.6.3 ) .
5.6.1 Projects and Live Sets
When you save a live Set under a newfangled name or in a new booklet location, Live will create a newfangled project booklet and store the Live Set there — unless you are saving the Live Set into an existing Live Project. Let ’ s look at an exemplar to illustrate this procedure : We have recorded some audio into a modern Live Set. We nowadays save the Live Set under the name “ Tango “ on the Desktop. The Desktop is available in the browser because we have previously added it as a user folder. here is the result as displayed by the Live browser :
A Live Set and its Recordings in a Live Project Folder.
The project folder ( “ Tango Project “ ) contains the Live Set ( “ Tango.als “ ) and a Samples folder, which in turn contains a recorded folder with two samples in it. Note that the stream stick out is besides indicated in the title bar of Live ’ s application window. following, we record another track into our project. We save the modify version of the Live Set under a new list so that we do not lose the former version. Accepting the Save As command ’ s default suggestion, we store the fresh version of the birdcall in the Tango Project booklet .
A Second Version of the Live Set Has Been Added to the Project.
The Tango Project nowadays contains two Live Sets, and its Samples/Recorded booklet contains the samples used by both of them. And now for something wholly different : We choose the File menu ’ s New Live Set dominate and criminal record a obeche tune. As this has nothing to do with our tango dabblings, we decide to save it outside the Tango Project booklet, say on the Desktop. Live creates a raw project folder named Samba Project adjacent to Tango Project .
A New Project Was Added Next to Tango Project.
so far we have seen how to create live Projects and save versions of Live Sets into them. How do we open a project ? Simply by opening any of its control Live Sets. Double-clicking “ Tango with Piano.als “ opens that Set and the associated Project — as displayed in Live ’ s title bar. Let ’ s think that, in the run of our work on “ Tango with Piano.als, “ we get sidetracked : The objet d’art evolves towards something entirely different, and we feel that it should live in a project of its own. then, we “ Save As … “ under a new name and in some localization outside the current project, say the background :
A New Project Was Added by Saving a Live Set Outside its Original Project.
note that the new project booklet has no Samples booklet ( so far ). “ Electro with Piano.als “ is however referencing the piano sample from the original Tango Project. There is nothing incorrect with this exclude for when the Tango Project is moved away or deleted ; then “ Tango with Piano.als “ will be missing samples. You can prevent this by collecting external files ( see 5.8 ). even after the fact, Live ’ second tools for searching missing files ( see 5.7 ) can help solve this problem. There is actually no need to keep a project ’ mho Live Set precisely one tied below the Project itself. Within a project folder, you can create any number of sub-folders and move files around to organize them as desired, although you many need to use the File Manager to “ teach “ the visualize about the changes you ’ ve made ( see 5.12.2 ). In general, Live will do what it can to prevent situations such as orphaned ( Project-less ) Live Sets, which have the potential of confusing both the drug user and Live ’ s file management tools. It can not, however, control situations in which Sets or files are moved out of club and become disorganize via the Explorer ( Windows ) /Finder ( Mac ). A note for users of older alive versions : Live does not allow overwriting Live Sets that were created by older major versions to prevent compatibility problems. alternatively, you will be requested to “ Save As … “. Doing this will insure that the newly saved Live Sets reside in project folders .
5.6.2 Projects and Presets
By default, modern legal document and effect presets are stored in your current undertaking. At times however, it may make more feel to save a preset to another booklet or to your User Library, so that you can access them from early Projects. You can drag a preset between folders after saving it ( see 19.1.1 ), or plainly drag the title barroom of the device over a folder in the sidebar, wait for the content paneling to open, and then drop it into the subject acid, adding it to the folder. When saving presets that contain samples to a raw location, Live may copy the samples depending on the settings in the Collect Files on Export picker in the Library Preferences. You can then type in a raw name for the device or confirm the one suggested by Live with Enter .
5.6.3 Managing Files in a Project
know ’ second File Manager offers several commodious tools for managing Projects. once you ’ ve opened a live typeset that is contribution of the Project you wish to manage, choose the Manage Files dominate from the File menu, and then click the Manage Project release. The File Manager will present you with an overview of the Project ’ s contents and tools for :
- locating files that the Project is missing;
- collecting external files into the Project (see 5.8) ;
- listing unused files in the Project (see 5.10) ;
- packing a Project in Pack format (see 5.11) ;
5.7 Locating Missing Files
If you load a Live Set, Live Clip or preset that references files which are missing from their reference locations, Live ’ s Status Bar ( located at the bottom of the main screen ) will display a warn message. Clips and instrument sample slots that reference missing samples will appear check “ Offline, “ and Live will play secrecy alternatively of the missing samples. exist ’ s File Manager offers tools for repairing these missing links. Click on the Status Bar message to access these. ( This is actually a shortcut for choosing the Manage Files command from the File menu, clicking the Manage Set clitoris, and then clicking the Locate button found in the Missing Files section. ) The File Manager will present you with a list of the missing files and associated controls .
The File Manager’s List of Missing Files.
5.7.1 Manual Repair
To manually fix a break charge reference, locate the missing charge in the browser, drag it over to the File Manager and drop it on the respective line in the list of missing files. Note that Live will not care if the file you offer is very the file that was missing .
5.7.2 Automatic Repair
hot offers a commodious automatic rifle search function for repairing file references. To send Live on a search, click the Automatic Search section ’ mho Go release. To reveal detail options for guiding the automatic search function, click the adjacent triangular-shaped push button .
Automatic Repair Options in the File Manager.
- Search Folder — includes a user-defined folder, as well as any sub-folders, in the search. To select the folder, click the associated Set Folder button.
- Search Project — includes this Set’s project folder in the search.
- Search Library — includes the Live Library in the search.
For each missing file, the automatic pistol research function may find any number of candidates. Let ’ s consider the following cases :
- No candidate found — you can choose another folder and try again, or locate the sample manually.
- One candidate found — Live accepts the candidate and considers the problem solved.
- Several candidates found — Live requires your assistance: Click the Hot-Swap button (i.e., the leftmost item in every line of the list of missing files) to have the browser present the candidates in Hot-Swap Mode. You can now double-click the candidates in the browser to load them, as the music plays if you like.
5.8 Collecting External Files
To prevent a alive hardened from containing broken file references, Live provides the option of collecting ( i.e., copying ) them into the Set ’ second plan booklet. This is accomplished via the File Manager :
- Choose the Manage Files command from the File menu
- Click the Manage Set button
- Unfold the triangular-shaped fold button in the External Files section.
Options for Collecting External Files.
Separated by localization ( other Projects, the User Library, installed by factory Packs, and elsewhere — sample collections from external drives, for model ), the File Manager provides :
- A file count and the associated disk space used;
- A Show button that will list the files in the browser;
- A Yes/No toggle for engaging or disengaging collection.
note : Make sure to confirm your choices by clicking the File Manager ’ south Collect and Save clitoris !
The File Manager’s Collect and Save Button.
The File menu ’ south Collect All and Save command is a shortcut that collects and saves all external files referenced by the current Set, including those from Live ’ s Core Library or other install Packs. notice that this can cause a distribute of copying, specially if your Live Set uses bombastic multisample collections !
5.8.1 Collect Files on Export
When you save live Clips, device presets or tracks by dragging them into the Browser, Live manages the imitate of associated files based on the survival made in the Collect Files on Export picker in the Library Preferences. This picker provides the following options :
- Always, the default setting, will copy files into the same folder as the clip, preset, or track without notification.
- When Ask is selected, Live provides a dialog box with options for copying files.
- Never means that files will not be copied when saving.
5.9 Aggregated Locating and Collecting
alternatively of having to deal with problems while you are in a creative mode, you might prefer putting aside some dedicated housework time to solve all the problems in one go. Using live ’ mho File Manager, you can find lacking files and collect external files not only for the current Live fructify but besides for :
- The User Library — choose the Manage Files command from the File menu; then click the Manage User Library button.
- The current Live Project — choose the Manage Files command from the File menu; then click the Manage Project button.
- Any Live Project — right-click(PC) / CTRL-click(Mac) on a Project in the browser’s content pane, and choose the Manage Project option.
- Any selection of Live Sets, Live Clips, Live Presets — right-click(PC) / CTRL-click(Mac) on the respective items in the browser, and choose the Manage Files command.
Remember to click the Collect and Save button at the bottom of the File Manager when you are finished. Otherwise your changes will be discarded .
5.10 Finding Unused Files
live ’ sulfur File Manager can find the unused files in a project for you. You can then review them and decide to delete them individually or jointly. When searching for “ unused “ files, Live will inspect each file in a project booklet, checking if it is referenced by any of the Live Sets, Live Clips or device presets in the project. If not, the file is regarded as unused — even if other Projects or programs distillery use it. To find the idle files for the presently open Project, choose the Manage Files command from the File menu, click the Manage Project button, and then click on the triangular-shaped fold button next to “ unused Files “ to access a drumhead and the Show button. Clicking the Show button makes the browser list the fresh files ; there, you can preview samples ( see 5.1.4 ) and delete them if you like. note you can besides find the idle files from the Library : choose the Manage Files dominate from the File menu, then click the Manage Library button, and then see the fresh Files section. last but not least, you can find the unused files for all Projects found in a particular folder ( and its sub-folders ) : right-click ( personal computer ) / CTRL-click ( Mac ) on a booklet in the browser and choose the Manage Projects control, then see the unused Files section. live inspects each Project individually and labels a file unused even if another Projects in the same folder does use that charge. To prevent losses, you may want to first collect the files into their respective Projects and then purge the Projects of idle files .
5.11 Packing Projects into Packs
live ’ randomness File Manager provides the choice of packing a bouncy project in Pack format for commodious archive and transfer. To do this, choose the Manage Files command from the File menu, click the Manage Project push button, and then click on the triangular-shaped flock button next to “ Packing. “ Click the Create Pack button to bring up a file-select dialogue where you can specify the appoint and location of a new Pack file. Creating a new pack from a project does not affect the Project. If you want the Project deleted, you can delete it using the browser. live employs lossless compaction techniques to minimize the file size of Packs. Depending on the sound recording materials in a stick out, this saves up to 50 percentage in file size. To unpack a Pack ( i.e., to restore the original Live Project ), double-click the Pack charge ( .alp ), drag it into the Live chief window, or locate it via the File menu ’ s Install Pack dominate .
5.12 File Management FAQs
5.12.1 How Do I Create a Project?
A plan is automatically created whenever you save a Live Set, except when you save it into a preexist stick out .
5.12.2 How Can I Save Presets Into My Current Project?
You can save presets directly to the current project by dragging from the device ’ s title bar and dropping into the Current Project label in the browser. You can then use the File Management tools, collect any referenced samples, etc.
5.12.3 Can I Work On Multiple Versions of a Set?
If you ’ d like to work on unlike versions of the same Live Set, save them into the lapp Project. This will normally be the project that was created when you saved the beginning interpretation of the Live Set. If a project contains multiple Live Sets it will only collect one transcript of any samples used by the respective versions, which can save disk space and help with constitution .
5.12.4 Where Should I Save My Live Sets?
You can save Live Sets anywhere you want, but saving to preexistent Project folders can cause problems, and should be reserved for special cases. You should only save a live Set to an existing project if it is somehow related to the Project — for case, an alternate adaptation of a birdcall that ’ randomness already in the stick out .
5.12.5 Can I Use My Own Folder Structure Within a Project Folder?
You can organize your files any means you want within a project, but you ’ ll want to use the File Manager to relink the files that you ’ ve moved around :
- In Live’s Browser or via your operating system, reorganize the files and folders within your Project folder.
- Navigate to the Project folder in the Browser and choose Manage Project via the right-click(PC) / CTRL-click(Mac) context menu.
- If you’ve changed the original location of any samples used in the Project, the Missing Samples section of the File Manager will indicate this. Click the Locate button to search for the samples.
- Since you know that your samples are all in the Project folder, unfold Automatic Search. Then enable the Search Project and Fully Rescan Folders options. Finally, click Go to initiate the search.
- When searching is complete, click Collect and Save at the bottom of the File Manager to update the Project.